#Smile- It looks good on you! #FunFactFriday http://ow.ly/i/pWLRo
#Smile- It looks good on you! #FunFactFriday http://ow.ly/i/pWLRo
Invisable, comfortable, removable, and you can eat whatever you want. Just a few reasons why #invisalign is the alternative choice to braces. Call 770-623-8750 to schedule your complimentary consultation with Dr. Corbett. http://ow.ly/i/pWGY6
Could poor oral hygiene increase your risk for colorectal cancer? A new study suggests poor oral hygiene is connected to the health and well-being of yet another portion of the body. Colorectal cancer is the third most common cancer diagnosed in the United States, and the second most deadly, especially if regular screening for precancerous polyps is not regularly conducted.
Studies by the Garret Lab at Harvard have shown fusobacteria when present in the colon in high concentrations increase the risk of an individual for colon cancer. Fusobacteria are primarily oral pathogens which have been found to cause periodontal disease and ulcers. Furthermore, cancerous tissue in the colon has been found to be enriched with fusobacterium compared to surrounding, healthy tissue. This suggests that the bacteria are localizing somehow to the cancerous region in the colon from the mouth. But how?
One study from researchers at Hebrew University School of Dental Medicine attempted to discern this. Since it is well-established that oral bacteria can reach the bloodstream through bleeding gingiva or root tips, the researchers decided to inject a fusobacterial culture into the bloodstream and chemically track their movement. The bacteria were injected through a tail vein into two types of mouse; one group with precancerous colon growths, and the other with malignant colon cancer. After a brief waiting period, the colons of both groups were dissected and analyzed using fluoroscopy. The researchers found that the fusobacteria adhered in large quantities to both groups of tumors, and were not present in any heightened quantity in the control group. Furthermore, for the precancerous and cancerous group, the livers of both were found to have high concentrations of fusobacteria compared to the control. Colon cancer frequently metastasizes to the liver, and it is interesting that this seems to be pre-empted by the bacteria, suggesting a possible bacterial precursor or correlation to the metastatic process. This could prove highly useful in trying to predict or prevent the progression of colon cancer.
So what draws the bacteria to the tumor? Well, from studying a combination of human samples and mouse-model experiments, it appears a protein on the surface coat of the fusobacteria have a protein called Fap2 that binds to the sugar Gal-Gal-Nac, found in high concentrations on colorectal tumor cells. The protein Fap2 appears to mediate the colonization of tumor cells by the bacteria, and may represent a potential target for therapy. In any event, maintaining good oral hygiene and promptly seeing a dentist to address any infections in the mouth is reinforced by these findings.
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According to the National Institute of Dental Craniofacial Research (NIDCR), over half of those in the U.S. survive from oral cancer after five years. If this condition is caught early enough, the chances of successful treatment are high.
Dentists look for early signs of mouth cancer during regular checkup appointments, but it’s also important for you to recognize these warning signals so you can bring them to the attention of your dentist right away.
Signs and Symptoms
Mouth cancer can occur anywhere in the mouth, including the lips, tongue and throat, as well as the salivary glands, pharynx, larynx and sinuses. And because early detection is crucial in overcoming this disease, you’ll want to visit your doctor immediately if any of the following symptoms persist for more than two weeks:
April is National Oral Cancer Awareness Month, a time when the dental community rallies together to fight against a serious disease. While some may think oral cancer is rare, it will cause over 8,000 deaths each year, or about one person per hour every hour of the day. According to the Oral Cancer Foundation more than 43,000 Americans will be diagnosed with oral or pharyngeal (throat) cancer this year alone. Public awareness about this serious disease and its risk factors is crucial to saving lives. Dentists are in a unique position to perform head and neck exams and oral screenings every day that can help us identify abnormalities in the mouth at the earliest stage.
The fastest growing segment of oral cancer patients are young, healthy, nonsmoking individuals. That’s why it is more important than ever for all adults to have regular oral cancer screenings. Knowing the risks can also help you make educated decisions about your health. There are several risk factors for oral cancer, including:
• Smoking and tobacco use are long-term historic causes of oral cancer.
• Heavy alcohol use makes you more likely to develop oral cancer.
• The HPV virus, a sexually-transmitted disease, is the leading cause of oropharyngeal (the back part of the mouth) cancer.
Make sure to talk to your dentist immediately if you notice any of these symptoms in yourself or a loved one. The symptoms of oral cancer include:
• Sores in the mouth that bleed easily or do not heal
• A thick or hard spot or lump
• A roughened or crusted area
• Numbness, pain or tenderness
• A change in the way your teeth fit together when you bite down
A thorough oral cancer screening takes less than five minutes. When found early, oral cancers have an 80 to 90 percent survival rate. Unfortunately, most oral cancers — particularly types caused by HPV — are discovered at later stages of development resulting in an unnecessarily high death rate.
Dentists can be a first line of defense in identifying abnormalities in the mouth, which could be signs of oral cancer. Many people do not realize that oral cancer screenings are a routine part of a more extensive exam performed during routine visits to the dentist.
Regular dental exams / checkups in our office now include this oral cancer screening. We use OralID for Oral screening.
In honor of Oral Cancer Awareness Month, oral cancer exams are reduced to $20 in April and proceeds will be donated to the Oral Cancer Foundation.
Call 770-623-8750 to schedule your oral cancer screening today!